Crete is the most Southern and at the same time largest island of the Greek archipelago. With its surface of 8350 km2 the island is the on four after largest in the Mediterranean sea.
From East to West it's only 256 km long and between 15 and 60 km wide. Mount Ida is with its altitude of 2456 meters not only the highest peak of the Psiloritis (or Ida mountain), but also of the complete island. The island shows remarkable contrasts: orange orchards in the west, vintages in the east and inbetween savage mountains and upland plains bordered by caves and gaps. And offcourse one finds the olive-trees all over the island, which provide the olive oil and the olives to eat.
One of the most known regions and also the vegetable supplier of the island, in the surroundings of Heraklion, is the Lassiti upland plain. The largest and most fertile plain of the island is the Messara plain. You come across it if you drive from Heraklion to Matala, on the South coast.
History of Crete: The island Crete has arisen by the collision of European and African continental plates in a similar manner such as on which the Alps and the Himalaya have arisen. The oldest signs of civilisation on Crete date from approximately 6500 b.c.. when peoples from Asia migrated to the island.